Plants in the holy Quran

By Hortist on 10/18/2009 10:52:00 AM , ,

Quran is the holy book of Islam, revealed to the holy Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) through the Angel Jibril (Gabriel). Plants described in this holy book are as follows.

Manna or Camelthorn:

Bot. name: Alhagi maurorum
Family: Lguminosae
Described: 3 times (2:57; 7:160; 20:80-81)

Date Palm:

Bot. name: Phoenix dactylifera
Family: Arecaceae
Described: 20 times (2:266; 6:99; 6:141; 13:4; 16:11; 16:67; 17:91; 18:32; 19:23; 19:25; 20:71;
23:19; 26:148; 36:34; 50:10; 54:20; 55:11; 55:68; 69:7; 80:29)

Bot. name: Olea europea
Family: Oleaceae
Described: 6 times (6-99; 6-141; 16-11; 23-20; 24-35; Tin-fig:1-4; Mu’minun:20)


Bot. name: Vitis vinifera
Family: Vitaceae
Described: 11 times (2-266; 6-99; 13-4; 16-11; 16-67; 17-91; 18-32; 23-19; 36-34; 78-31, 32;


Bot. name: Punica granatum
Family: Lythraceae
Described: 3 times (6-99; 6-141; 55-68)


Bot. name: Ficus carica
Family: Moraceae
Described: 1 time (Tin-the –Fig: 1-4)


Bot. name: Cedrus libani
Family: Pinaceae
Described: 4 times (34-15,16; Waqia-27-33; Najm-7-18)


Bot. name: Tamarix aphylla
Family: Tamaricaceae
Described: 1 time (34:15-16)

Tooth-brush tree:

Bot. name: Salvadora persica
Family: Salvadoraceae
Described: 1 time (34:16)

Henna or Camphor:

Bot. name: Lawsonia inermis
Family: Lythraceae
Described: 1 time (LXXVI:5)


Bot. name: Zingiber officinale
Family: Zingiberaceae
Described: 1 time (LXXVI: 17)


Bot. name: Lens culinaris
Family: Leguminoceae
Described: 1 time (2:61)


Bot. name: Allium cepa
Family: Liliaceae
Described: 1 time (2:61)


Bot. name: Allium sativum
Family: Liliaceae
Described: 1 time (2:61)


Bot. name: Cucumis melo
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Described: 1 time (2:61)


Bot. name: Acacia seyal
Family: Fabaceae
Described: 1 time (61: 27-33)


Bot. name: Lagenaria siceraria
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Described: 1 time (37: 139-146)


Bot. name: Brassica nigra
Family: Brassicaceae
Described: 2 times (21: 47; 31:16)

Sweet Basil:

Bot. name: Ocimum basilicum
Family: Lamiaceae
Described: 2 times (60: 12; 61:89)


Bot. name: Euphorbia spp.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Described: 4 times (17: 60; 37: 62-68; Dukhan: 43-48; Waqia: 52-56)

Besides all above plants, many other i.e. fruit, vegetable, fodder, grain, leafy and agricultural plants (whose particular names are not mentioned), have been described in the holy Quran.

Source: Different kind of literature for text and google images for the pics).


9 Response to 'Plants in the holy Quran'

  1. Anonymous'> October 19, 2009 at 3:50 AM

    Well done, nice collection.
    Probably, it would have been better if you mentioned the urdu names (of the plants) as well. Just a thought.

    Keep it up.


  2. Rosey Pollen'> October 19, 2009 at 6:40 AM

    That is an amazing list! I would not have know the pomegranate to be in that list.
    Good job!



  3. Wendy'> October 19, 2009 at 5:29 PM

    Interesting post! nice of you to add all the pics as well. My father who is Chinese grows many of these plants. I've learned recently that the pomegranate is a very symbolic fruit.


  4. Tootsie'> October 20, 2009 at 7:51 AM

    this is very interesting...I had no idea!


  5. Luqman'> October 22, 2009 at 12:04 PM

    Good work Saif. Indeed, a very interesting compilation.


  6. Luqman'> October 22, 2009 at 12:13 PM

    Saif, you could make this compilation more interesting by adding the verses as well ... this would give us the contexts in which these plants have been mentioned in Quran.


  7. Hortist'> October 22, 2009 at 2:40 PM

    Luqman, thanks for the comments. Yes I could add the verses as well, but didn't, to keep the post in reasonable length. However I heartily believe that this addition would make this post even more informative...thanks again :)


  8. Muhammad Muzzamil Luqman'> October 23, 2009 at 7:46 AM

    hmm that a very valid point ... but I was just thinking if you could add links to an on line version of quran OR you could also put the verses even on your blog and link to them in this post.


  9. Anonymous'> December 31, 2009 at 5:55 AM



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